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SDS Seminar Series: Dr. Matthias Katzfuss (Friday 10/15/21, 2pm)
Friday, October 15, 2021, 02:00pm - 03:00pm

The Fall 2021 SDS Seminar Series continues on Friday, October 15 from 2:00 p.m. to 3:00 p.m. with Dr. Matthias Katzfuss (Assiociate Professor at the Department of Statistics at Texas A&M).

This event is in-person, but a virtual option will be available as well. Please contact stat.admin@austin.utexas.edu for the Zoom link.

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Title: Scalable Gaussian-Process Approximations for Big Data

Abstract: Gaussian processes (GPs) are popular, flexible, and interpretable probabilistic models for functions in geospatial analysis, computer-model emulation, and machine learning. However, direct application of GPs involves dense covariance matrices and is computationally infeasible for large datasets. We consider a framework for fast GP inference based on the so-called Vecchia approximation, which implies a sparse Cholesky factor of the inverse covariance matrix. The approximation can be written in closed form and computed in parallel, and it includes many popular existing approximations as special cases. We discuss applications of the framework to noisy and non-Gaussian data, to emulation of computer experiments, and to nonparametric regression and variable selection. Further extensions allow nonparametric inference on the covariance matrix and even on nonlinear dependence structures, with applications in climate-model emulation and data assimilation.

Location: GDC 4.302