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SDS Seminar Series: Dr. Montserrat Fuentes (Friday 10/22/21, 2pm)
Friday, October 22, 2021, 02:00pm - 03:00pm

The Fall 2021 SDS Seminar Series continues on Friday, October 22 from 2:00 p.m. to 3:00 p.m. with Dr. Montserrat Fuentes (President and Professor of Mathematics at St. Edward's University).

This event is in-person, but a virtual option will be available as well. Please contact stat.admin@austin.utexas.edu for the Zoom link.

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Title: Spatial Statistical Modelling of Neuroimaging Data

Abstract: Imaging data with thousands of spatially-correlated data points are common in many fields. In Neurosciences, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a primary modality for studying brain structure and activity.  Modeling spatial dependence of MRI data at different scales is one of the main challenges of contemporary neuroimaging, and it could allow for accurate testing for significance in neural activity. The high dimensionality of this type of data (millions of voxels) presents modeling challenges and serious computational constraints. Methods that account for spatial correlation often require very cumbersome matrix evaluations which are prohibitive for data of this size, and thus current methods typically reduce dimensionality by modeling covariance among regions of interest – coarser or larger spatial units – rather than among voxels. However, ignoring spatial dependence at different scales could drastically reduce our ability to detect important activation patterns in the brain and hence produce misleading results. To overcome these problems, we introduce a novel Bayesian Tensor approach, treating the brain image as response and having a vector of predictors. Our method provides estimates of  the parameters of interest using a generalized sparsity principle. This method is implemented using a fully Bayesian approach to characterize different sources of uncertainty. We demonstrate  posterior consistency and develop a computational efficient algorithm. The effectiveness of our approach is illustrated through simulation studies and the analysis of the effects of drug addiction on the brain structure. We implement this method to identify the effects of demographic information and cocaine addiction on the functioning of the brain.

Location: GDC 4.302